Traumatic Brain Injuries

San Antonio Traumatic Brain Injury Attorney Miguel J. Chapa (210) 298-5500
Traumatic Brain Injury Attorney

San Antonio Traumatic Brain Injury Attorney - Approximately 1.6-3.8 million traumatic brain injuries occur in the United States every year. An injured person who has suffered a brain injury may experience many kinds of physical, cognitive and behavioral or emotional impairments.

An injured person’s leading cause of his/her traumatic brain injury are suffered during a motor vehicle accident involving an automobile, truck, tractor-trailer, semi-truck, bus or other motorized vehicle, during a serious slip and fall, a fall in general or during a sports injury. Traumatic brain injuries are usually classified as follows: 1. Severe; 2. Moderate, or 3. Mild.  Injuries related to the brain are among the most likely to result in permanent disability or in death.  More alarming, a brain injury is the leading cause of death and disability worldwide.

The United States Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (“CDC”) defines a mild traumatic brain injury as “a complex patho-physiologic process affecting the brain, induced by traumatic biomechanical forces secondary to direct or indirect forces to the head”. The CDC has determined that a mild traumatic brain injury may or may not involve a loss of consciousness.

Because the effects of a mild traumatic brain injury are microscopic, often CT scans, MRI examinations and other neurological tests do not reveal objective findings of severe, moderate or mild damage to the brain. Nonetheless, the effects of a mild brain injury can be devastating. When an injured person suffers a mild brain injury, the resulting harm leads to severe disruption of his/her daily living and daily activities. Most minor traumatic brain injuries are not treated in a hospital or in an emergency room.

Generally speaking, two mechanisms exist by which a head injury or brain injury can occur:

  1. A blow to the head (usually caused by the head striking an object such as a car’s windshield during a motorized vehicle accident or hitting the ground during a serious slip and fall or fall in general), and/or
  2. A rapid acceleration/deceleration movement (such as whiplash suffered after a tractor-trailer rear-ends your vehicle or that of a loved one’s).


Moreover, a person usually suffers a brain injury from sustaining a blow to the head after being involved in a motorized vehicle accident, involving an automobile, truck, tractor-trailer, semi-truck, bus or other motorized vehicle, whether the driver or a passenger. Examples of these devastating and catastrophic injuries include, but are not limited to, the head striking an object, an object penetrates the skull or by a rapid acceleration and deceleration movement involving the brain.

Acceleration/deceleration brain injuries can be very relevant when examining a person’s injuries after experiencing an auto accident, whether the driver or a passenger.  In each of these circumstances, the brain may be injured by impact or shear forces. It is important to emphasize that the trauma to the brain does not only occur or develop from a blow to the head, but rather that the trauma to the brain may occur with a flexion/extension of the brain. Under such unfortunate circumstances, a person suffers what is known as a closed head injury. The term “closed head injury” means an injury to the brain where the skull has not been broken or penetrated.

When a person suffers a traumatic head injury, he/she additionally may develop physical, cognitive and emotional symptoms. The physical symptoms of a head injury may include the following:  headaches, nausea, vomiting, balance problems, dizziness, visual problems, fatigue, sensitivity to light, sensitivity to noise, and/or numbness/tingling. The cognitive symptoms of a head injury may include the following:  feeling mentally foggy, feeling lethargic or slow, having difficulty concentrating, and having difficulty remembering.  The emotional symptoms of a head injury may include the following:  irritability, sadness, emotional instability, and/or nervousness. Loss of sleep in combination with changes in sleep patterns may also occur after an injured person suffers a head injury.

For more information on brain injuries, click on the links below and use the following resources as helpful guidelines.
http://www.traumaticbraininjury.com
http://www.braininjury.com
http://www.cdc.gov/traumaticbraininjury
http://www.cdc.gov/concussion/HeadsUp/youth.html

If you or a family member have suffered a traumatic brain injury, please contact Chapa Law Group PC for a free legal consultation. We stand ready to aggressively pursue a case against the wrongdoer who caused your brain injury.

San Antonio Traumatic Brain Injury Attorney - (210) 298-5500